Sustainable Fuels: Energy Conversions and Systems

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In order to achieve climate change goals of the European Union, major changes are required in most energy intensive industrial processes worldwide. The electrification of these processes in combination with renewable energy sources provides an obvious solution. However, electrification is limited by the available infrastructure, which is not prepared for this change in most countries. Furthermore, not in every process the chemicals can be replaced by an electric alternative, and the storage and transportation of chemicals is still more efficient than their electrical counterpart. Therefore, we will need sustainable pathways to produce these (temporarily) irreplaceble chemicals if we want to achieve the climate change goals.

At this moment, the most promising sustainable fuel is hydrogen produced from solar or wind energy. In this presentation, the importance and challenges of the energy conversions and energy distribution grids for these electrochemical systems will be discussed. Furthermore, the feasibility of utilizing hydrogen as a replacement for fossil fuel and battery storage technologies will be examined for different applications such as mobility and seasonal energy storage.

Dr. Ir. Nils H. van der Blij, TU Delft

 

 

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